Sore gums can be a cause of many periodontal diseases and teeth disorders. When contact the dentist about gum soreness, it is necessary to be given complete information, like pain intensity, where is located, when triggered, and if the pain gets worse. In this way, the dental specialist will know if it is a cavity , tooth sensitivity caused by receding gums or a periodontal disease. The good news is that sore gums can be treated. Is well to remember that for teeth brightening gum health is essential.
Gingivitis and swollen gums
Gingivitis can be prevented even you though you have a weak immune system or suffer from receding gums. At first, gum soreness may not be present, but if your gums bleed easily and they are painful, you may have gingivitis, and you do not know that. You can notice a change in gum color from pink to dark red and sensitive gums when touching. The commonest type of gingivitis involves the marginal gums and is determined by the accumulation of microbial plaque with inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis symptoms are not specific and occurs in the gum tissue: red, sensitive or sore gums to touch.
Causes: Everything starts from poor care of the teeth resulting in plaque. Although brushing your teeth once a day temporarily removes plaque, this one settle in less than 24 hours on the tooth. Microbial plaque that remains on your tooth several days turns into tartar, bacteria mu
ltiply, gums become sensitive and can occur even gum soreness. Plaque already formed can hardly be removed by brushing or daily dental flossing. In this case, dental control is necessary in order to remove plaque. If the patient wants, can perform in office teeth bleaching, all in a professional way. On the other hand, if gingivitis is not treated, the gums can swell and bleed easily, leading to periodontitis and receding gums.
Receding gums can be a cause of sore gums
Periodontitis starts with gum affecting. Because of inflammation and tartar, gum emerges from tooth and receding gum disease appears. The space between tooth is higher, remains of food and drink are deposited in that space. Microbes destroy the ligaments around the tooth, and sore gum will appear. Also, you may feel a toothache because the tooth roots are exposed. Tooth sensitivity is characterized by a local, instant pain caused by hot, cold or sweet food. Gums that normally covers the tooth root retire, exposing the dentin. The main cause of tooth sensitivity is gum receding.
If you want to cure sore gums, you must first treat receding gums. Affected gums can return where it was initially only through specialized treatment and surgery. Oral antibiotics only temporarily can solve the problem. So, if you feel swollen gums, your tooth is longer and is sensitive go to the dentist’s office. Teeth bleaching can be made only after gingivitis or receding gums treatment, especially if you want to use bleaching kits.
Other factors that lead to gum soreness and toothache
- Hormonal changes – during pregnancy, your gums will retain microbial plaque easier. If you have morning sickness, it will be more difficult to brush your teeth properly;
- Certain drugs reduce the amount of saliva. Saliva has a cleaning effect and this means that plaque and tartar can be deposited easily;
- A low diet in calcium, vitamin A, B, C, D may lead in time to periodontal disease. In the absence of vitamin A the bone quality decreases, the enamel is thin, and white spots appear on the tooth enamel. In case of deficiency of vitamin B the feeling of tongue burning appears, loss of taste, chapped lips symptoms. Vitamin C deficiency leads to dry mouth, tooth decay, periodontal disease, bleeding and sore gums, injuries easily. Also, vitamin D is essential in calcium absorption;
- Smoking decreases the amount of vitamin C in the body that is needed to produce new cells and weakens the immune system;
- Anxiety and stress can lead to careless oral hygiene. Proper diet disappears and easily may occur diseases as gingivitis or receding gums (toothache, swollen gums, discovered tooth);
- Menopause- appears osteoporosis and bone around the tooth begins to weaken;
- Alcohol abuse damages the liver, cardiovascular system, nervous system. Appears bleeding gums, oral hygiene is usually poor.
Sore gums treatment
The first step in treating gingivitis and gum soreness is entirely clean of teeth and remove plaque and tartar. Gingivitis disappears after a professional cleaning and if you continue to have a proper oral hygiene. Choose a proper toothbrush. Brushes must be soft, not to hurt your gums. Toothbrush must have a specific size and shape so allow you to clean all tooth surfaces. Some dentists recommend electric toothbrushes because they are effective in removing food particles and plaque microorganisms. Use dental floss and mouthwash in order to treat gum soreness and related complications with this disease.
Swollen or sore gums (sometimes with pain) which often bleed, indicate the presence of gingivitis and require immediate treatment. Swollen gums become red and shiny when you eat a fruit or brush your teeth. Gingivitis is the beginning of periodontitis and must necessarily be treated. If your gums are inflamed, the space between the gum and the tooth is covered, and plaque is deposited easily. In order to avoid complications, infected tissue can be removed by surgery. The problem of periodontal disease should be avoided early in the disease. Bacteria in periodontal pockets easily get in contact with the blood and an intimate contact with an infected person can transmit the bacteria.
If gingivitis appears, we recommend a diversified diet rich in grains, fruits, vegetables. Eat healthy foods rich in vitamin C (prevents gingivitis) and vitamin A (lack of this vitamin leads to infection of the gums), grains, raw vegetables, chamomile tea and calendula tea. Avoid sugar and foods high in carbohydrates.
Some important tips for treating sore and swollen gums: gently clean the gums with baking soda and water (use baking soda in small amounts), rinse your mouth for half a minute with sea salt water (to reduce inflammation of the gums), rinse your mouth with tea basil leaves (for irritated gums). Chamomile and calendula tea helps a lot to painful gums. Put a wet tea bag of chamomile tea on the painful area and rinse your mouth several times a day. Massage the gums with calendula tincture (very old and useful treatment). Massage the gums with lemon. Anti-inflammatory fruit: blueberries, blackberries, gooseberries, blackberries, oranges, figs.
Enjoy your smile!